Some new reporting by Jimmy Tobias gives us more insight into the Boundary Waters reversal, which I’ve discussed in previous posts (1, 2, 3). Through a records request, Tobias obtained the calendar of Kathleen Benedetto, Special Assistant to Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke.
Described as “a fixer for the mining companies,” Benedetto now helps oversee the Bureau of Land Management. She has publicly taken the position that conservation of public lands is a barrier to “progress.”
Tobias identifies at least six meetings or communications with mining interests on Benedetto’s calendar regarding the Twin Metals project in Superior National Forest, including the July 25th all-hands-on-deck meeting between high-ranking Interior officials and representatives of Antofagasta Plc. (Update: the group had met with Antofagasta earlier, on May 2nd, less than a month after Benedetto started meeting with mining company representatives.) The Benedetto calendar gives us a much fuller chronology and more detail than we previously had. Putting it together with the Jorjani calendar — and other calendars, as they become available — results in this timeline*:
|December 15, 2016||Obama administration releases Memo M-37036, denying renewal of Twin Metals leases. Tracy DC Real Estate, Inc. formed in DC by Luksic’s lawyers.|
|December 22, 2016||Tracy DC Real Estate Inc. purchases the Kalorama Triangle mansion at 2449 Tracy Pl NW. [For this part of the story, see this post.]|
|January 3, 2017||First news reports that Ivanka Trump and Jared Kushner are moving into the Kalorama mansion.|
|January 4, 2017||Official sale date entered for the Kalorama mansion.|
|February 21, 2017||Antofagasta subsidiaries Twin Metals Minnesota and Franconia Minerals sue the United States Department of Interior.|
|February 28, 2017||Tracy DC Real Estate obtains business license for the rental at 2449 Tracy Pl. NW. The license expires in 2019.|
|April 6, 2017||Kathleen Benedetto: Ext. Meeting Boundary Waters [with?].|
|April 18, 2017||Benedetto: Ext. Mtg. Twin Metals [with? Cf. Friday 16 June].|
|April 19, 2017||Benedetto: Twin Metals. On the calendar of Karen Hawbecker, Associate Solicitor, Dept. of Interior.|
|April 24, 2017||On the calendar of Katharine MacGregor, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Land and Minerals Management. Meeting with Timothy G. Martin of Wilmer Hale, on behalf of Twin Metals Minnesota. MacGregor has a call with Jorjani scheduled immediately after this meeting.|
|April 26, 2017||On the calendar of Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke: meeting with Landon Zinda, legislative council for Representative Tom Emmer (R-MN, 6th District) and Will Mitchell, Legislative Director for Representative Rick Nolan (DFL-MN, 6th District). A briefing by Kathy Benedetto and Kate MacGregor of the Department of Interior on the Twin Metals Leases.|
|April 28, 2017||Benedetto Meeting with Rob Lehman, WilmerHale re: Twin Metals Minnesota. On the calendar of Gareth Rees, Executive Assistant at US Department of the Interior.|
|April 28 2017||Benedetto: Twin Metals briefing. On the calendar of Briana Collier. U.S. Department of the Interior, Office of the Solicitor.|
|May 2, 2017||On the calendar of Gareth Rees: Meeting with Antofagasta plc re: Twin Metals Minnesota Project. Included in this meeting: Gareth Rees, James Cason, Katharine MacGregor, Michael Anderson, Kathleen Benedetto, [Linda Thurn], Richard Cardinale, Tracie Lassiter, Kevin Haugrud, Mariagrazia Caminiti, Karen Hawbecker.|
|May 3, 2017||Benedetto: Meet and Greet with Representatives of Save the Boundary Waters.|
|May 4, 2017||On the calendar of Ryan Zinke: In-person meeting with Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue. Perdue will refer to this meeting in his 25 May appearance before the House Appropriations Interior Subcommittee..|
|May 25, 2017||Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue appears before the House Appropriations Interior Subcommittee.|
|May 26, 2017||Principal Deputy Solicitor Daniel Jorjani call with Rachel Jacobson of WilmerHale, regarding a “DC Bar Event.”|
|June 9, 2017||Benedetto: Chat w/Timothy Martin from WilmerHale, re: Twin Metals – Minnesota. On the calendar of Katharine MacGregor, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Land and Minerals Management.|
|June 14, 2017||Daniel Jorjani meets with Raya Treiser and Andy Spielman of WilmerHale.|
|June 15, 2017||On the calendar of Gareth Rees: meeting with Jobs for Minnesotans.|
|June 16, 2017||Benedetto Ext. Mtg. Twin Metals – Bob McFarlin [at that time, Vice President of Public and Government Affairs, Twin Metals Minnesota].|
|June 19, 2017||Meeting w/ USDA and DOI on Twin Metals Superior National Forest. On the calendar of Katharine MacGregor.|
|July 11, 2017||Call between Secretary of the Interior Ryan Zinke and Minnesota Governor Mark Dayton. Also attending: Jennie Maes, Assistant Chief of Staff to Governor Dayton. Topic: Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness and nearby copper-nickel mining.|
|July 25, 2017||All Hands on Deck for meeting with Antofagasta Plc re: Twin Metals Minnesota Project. On the calendar of Gareth Rees. Included: Kevin Haugrud, Katharine MacGregor, Michael Anderson, Karen Hawbecker, Kathleen Benedetto, James Cason, Gareth Rees, Linda Thurn, Richard Cardinale, Tracie Lassiter, Mariagrazia Caminiti, Edward Passarelli, Michael Nedd, Daniel Jorjani.|
|August 9, 2017||Katharine MacGregor: meeting with Chad Horrell, Sportsmen for the Boundary Waters.|
|August 22, 2017||Daniel Jorjani meeting on “Minnesota Project” with Michael J. Catanzaro, (White House, Executive Office of the President), Stephen Vaden (White House, Office of the General Counsel).|
|September 7, 2017||Internal meeting at Department of Interior on Twin Metals: Daniel Jorjani with Jack Haugrud.|
|September 21, 2017||Phone call: Twin Metals. On the calendar of James Cason, Associate Deputy Secretary of the Interior. James Cason with Associate Solicitor John Hay; Associate Solicitor, Division of Indian Affairs Eric Shepard; Deputy Secretary Catherine Gulac; Associate Solicitor Karen Hawbecker.|
|December 22, 2017||Principal Deputy Solicitor Jordan releases Memo M-37049, allowing Twin Metals to renew its leases of Superior National Forest lands.|
We now know that Interior was meeting with Twin Metals representatives and holding internal meetings about Twin Metals as early as mid April of 2017. (This would have been a little over a month before Rachel Jacobson of WilmerHale contacted Deputy Solicitor Daniel Jorjani regarding “a DC Bar Event” — which, in a previous post, I speculated might have teed up the lobbying effort.) An offsite or “ext.” meeting with Twin Metals representatives on April 18 seems to kick things off — though who attended an earlier meeting on April 6th about the Boundary Waters is unclear. The entry for another offsite meeting, on Friday June 16th, suggests that Benedetto’s counterpart at Twin Metals was Bob McFarlin, who was at that time Twin Metals Vice President of Public and Government Affairs.
There were five meetings about the Twin Metals project before Benedetto hosted a “meet and greet” with a Boundary Waters conservation group on May 3rd, 2017; and it looks as if the reversal was a done deal by the time Katharine MacGregor met with Sportsmen for the Boundary Waters’ Chad Horrell on August 9th.
It’s also worth noting on whose calendar some of Benedetto’s meetings are scheduled, and where possible I’ve added that detail to the timeline. It helps us get a sense of who is in the room with Benedetto, and just how many people in the upper ranks at the Department of Interior were involved in reversing the Obama-era protections.
For example, after Benedetto’s first external meeting with Twin Metals, she meets the very next day with Karen Hawbecker, who works for Deputy Solicitor Daniel Jorjani. This puts the matter in the Office of the Solicitor right away. Benedetto’s first meeting with lobbyists from WilmerHale on behalf of Twin Metals originates from the calendar of Gareth Rees, Executive Assistant at US Department of the Interior. WilmerHale is working at the highest levels of the Department. Another meeting with WilmerHale involves Benedetto and Katharine MacGregor, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Land and Minerals Management. According to the Western Values Project, MacGregor is a known “ally of the oil and gas industry” and an advocate for allowing oil pipelines to pass through national parks.
*I’ll continue to make updates to this timeline as DOI releases more materials in response to FOIA requests.